Thursday, November 19, 2015

Working at night

Tonight Hamza and I had a three hour common voice session with shared screen. We wanted to deploy the newest version to testlino (a test site of a customer). I expected a routine session with possibly some surprises due to the fact that we are now in Django 1.8. But it turned out to be much more complicated than expected.

The problem was that initdb fails on MySQL. This did not occur in any test suite because all tests currently use SQLite. (TODO once when we have time: add a test case which reproduces the problem)

While doing the following:

$ python run ../cpas_eupen/snapshot/

We get the following output:

INFO `initdb ` started on database test_dsbe.
Operations to perform:
  Synchronize unmigrated apps: addresses, office, cbss, sales, cosi, ledger, accounts, newcomers, welfare, aids, excerpts, cv, export_excel, bootstrap3, households, art61, appypod, jinja, contacts, debts, tinymce, system, extjs, languages, humanize, vatless, davlink, extensible, beid, gfks, jobs, users, staticfiles, checkdata, pcsw, dupable_clients, lino_startup, outbox, b2c, properties, about, boards, countries, sepa, notes, isip, integ, courses, printing, humanlinks, uploads, reception, cal, finan, changes, notifier
  Apply all migrations: (none)
Synchronizing apps without migrations:
  Creating tables...
    Creating table system_siteconfig
    Creating table gfks_helptext
    Creating table users_authority
    Creating table users_user
    Creating table notifier_notification
    Creating table changes_change
    Creating table countries_country
    Creating table countries_place
    Creating table properties_proptype
    Creating table properties_propchoice
    Creating table properties_propgroup
    Creating table properties_property
    Creating table properties_personproperty
    Creating table contacts_companytype
    Creating table contacts_roletype
    Creating table contacts_role
    Creating table contacts_partner
    Creating table contacts_person
    Creating table contacts_company
    Creating table addresses_address
    Creating table uploads_uploadtype
    Creating table uploads_upload
    Creating table outbox_recipient
    Creating table outbox_mail
    Creating table outbox_attachment
    Creating table excerpts_excerpttype
    Creating table excerpts_excerpt
    Creating table cal_remotecalendar
    Creating table cal_room
    Creating table cal_priority
    Creating table cal_guestrole
    Creating table cal_calendar
    Creating table cal_subscription
    Creating table cal_recurrentevent
    Creating table cal_eventtype
    Creating table cal_event
    Creating table cal_guest
    Creating table cal_task
    Creating table accounts_group
    Creating table accounts_account
    Creating table boards_board
    Creating table boards_member
    Creating table pcsw_coachingtype
    Creating table pcsw_coachingending
    Creating table pcsw_coaching
    Creating table pcsw_persongroup
    Creating table pcsw_activity
    Creating table pcsw_dispensereason
    Creating table pcsw_dispense
    Creating table pcsw_exclusiontype
    Creating table pcsw_exclusion
    Creating table pcsw_conviction
    Creating table pcsw_aidtype
    Creating table pcsw_clientcontacttype
    Creating table pcsw_clientcontact
    Creating table pcsw_client
    Creating table ledger_journal
    Creating table ledger_paymentterm
    Creating table ledger_voucher
    Creating table ledger_movement
    Creating table ledger_matchrule
    Creating table sepa_account
    Creating table b2c_account
    Creating table b2c_statement
    Creating table b2c_movement
    Creating table vatless_accountinvoice
    Creating table vatless_invoiceitem
    Creating table finan_grouper
    Creating table finan_journalentry
    Creating table finan_paymentorder
    Creating table finan_bankstatement
    Creating table finan_grouperitem
    Creating table finan_journalentryitem
    Creating table finan_bankstatementitem
    Creating table finan_paymentorderitem
    Creating table languages_language
    Creating table cv_languageknowledge
    Creating table cv_educationlevel
    Creating table cv_studytype
    Creating table cv_training
    Creating table cv_study
    Creating table cv_status
    Creating table cv_regime
    Creating table cv_duration
    Creating table cv_sector
    Creating table cv_function
    Creating table cv_experience
    Creating table isip_contracttype
    Creating table isip_exampolicy
    Creating table isip_contractending
    Creating table isip_contractpartner
    Creating table isip_contract
    Creating table jobs_schedule
    Creating table jobs_jobprovider
    Creating table jobs_contracttype
    Creating table jobs_contract
    Creating table jobs_offer
    Creating table jobs_job
    Creating table jobs_candidature
    Creating table jobs_jobtype
    Creating table art61_contracttype
    Creating table art61_contract
    Creating table courses_courseprovider
    Creating table courses_coursecontent
    Creating table courses_courseoffer
    Creating table courses_course
    Creating table courses_courserequest
    Creating table newcomers_broker
    Creating table newcomers_faculty
    Creating table newcomers_competence
    Creating table cbss_sector
    Creating table cbss_purpose
    Creating table cbss_identifypersonrequest
    Creating table cbss_manageaccessrequest
    Creating table cbss_retrievetigroupsrequest
    Creating table households_type
    Creating table households_household
    Creating table households_member
    Creating table humanlinks_link
    Creating table debts_budget
    Creating table debts_actor
    Creating table debts_entry
    Creating table notes_notetype
    Creating table notes_eventtype
    Creating table notes_note
    Creating table aids_category
    Creating table aids_aidtype
    Creating table aids_granting
    Creating table aids_simpleconfirmation
    Creating table aids_incomeconfirmation
    Creating table aids_refundconfirmation
    Creating table dupable_clients_word
    Creating table checkdata_problem
    Creating table tinymce_textfieldtemplate
    Running deferred SQL...
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "", line 7, in <module>
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 354, in execute_from_command_line
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 346, in execute
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 394, in run_from_argv
    self.execute(*args, **cmd_options)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 445, in execute
    output = self.handle(*args, **options)
  File "/lino/lino/modlib/lino_startup/management/commands/", line 59, in handle
    execfile(fn, globals())
  File "../cpas_eupen/snapshot/", line 1900, in <module>
  File "../cpas_eupen/snapshot/", line 1761, in main
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 120, in call_command
    return command.execute(*args, **defaults)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 445, in execute
    output = self.handle(*args, **options)
  File "/lino/lino/modlib/lino_startup/management/commands/", line 202, in handle
    call_command('migrate', **options)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 120, in call_command
    return command.execute(*args, **defaults)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 445, in execute
    output = self.handle(*args, **options)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/commands/", line 179, in handle
    created_models = self.sync_apps(connection, executor.loader.unmigrated_apps)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/commands/", line 318, in sync_apps
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/backends/", line 79, in execute
    return super(CursorDebugWrapper, self).execute(sql, params)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/backends/", line 64, in execute
    return self.cursor.execute(sql, params)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/", line 98, in __exit__
    six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/backends/", line 62, in execute
    return self.cursor.execute(sql)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/backends/mysql/", line 124, in execute
    return self.cursor.execute(query, args)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/MySQLdb/", line 205, in execute
    self.errorhandler(self, exc, value)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/MySQLdb/", line 36, in defaulterrorhandler
    raise errorclass, errorvalue
django.db.utils.OperationalError: (1005, "Can't create table 'test_dsbe.#sql-307_b798d' (errno: 150)")
INFO Done run ../cpas_eupen/snapshot/ (PID 24652)

On InnoDB Error Codes we can see what 1005 means:


    Cannot create table. If the error message refers to error 150, table creation failed because a foreign key constraint was not correctly formed. If the error message refers to error −1, table creation probably failed because the table includes a column name that matched the name of an internal InnoDB table.

Do we need migrations? And if yes: what must we do to use them? We did not find a quick answer to that question.

The next morning

On stackoverflow I saw this thread: Django’s syncdb fails with MySQL errno: 150. It suggests to use MyISAM as database engine instead of the more sever InnoDB, and it reveals a simply method for doing this without changing the system default engine.

And it worked. Sounds like a reasonable workaround at least for testlino. TODO: Dive more into this. Why Django migrations system fails to simply create a stupid virgin database under InnoDB?

Before it worked, I had another little surprise while saving the Guest objects:

ERROR 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'find'
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/lino/lino/utils/", line 436, in try_save
  File "/lino-welfare/lino_welfare/modlib/cal/", line 185, in full_clean
    super(Event, self).full_clean()
  File "/lino/lino/modlib/printing/", line 498, in full_clean
    super(CachedPrintable, self).full_clean(*args, **kwargs)
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/models/", line 1149, in full_clean
  File "/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/models/", line 1187, in clean_fields
    raw_value = getattr(self, f.attname)
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 481, in __get__
    return self.value_from_object(instance, None)
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 476, in value_from_object
    return m(obj, ar)
  File "/lino/lino/modlib/cal/", line 691, in linked_date
    txt = when_text(self.start_date, self.start_time)
  File "/lino/lino/modlib/cal/", line 113, in when_text
    txt = format_date(d, 'EE ')
  File "/lino/lino/modlib/cal/", line 51, in format_date
    d, fmt, locale=to_locale(translation.get_language()))
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 73, in to_locale
    p = language.find('-')
AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'find'

To get above traceback, I had to do a little optimization of error reporting to lino.utils.dpy. Note that there were thousands of objects causing that error, so it is important to report it only at the first occurence.

Was this caused by our nightly cheat of removing the default attribute of choicelist fields (by adding a line kwargs.pop('default', None) in the deconstruct method? I removed that line (which anyway was dangerous). No, that was not the reason.

No, it was caused by format_date which under Django 1.7+ gets called also during initdb (I guess because Django now also sets all virtual fields of virgin objects, don’t ask me why). The linked_date virtual field of an cal.Event object for example calls format_date(). And in initdb there is no “current Django language”.

Working with lazy translation

When the data migration (to be more precise or the restore of the snapshot) finally had passed, I still could not watch at the new Lino on their server because accessing it caused yet another surpsie, an error message in the Apache error log:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/site-packages/django/core/handlers/", line 170, in __call__
  File "/site-packages/django/core/handlers/", line 52, in load_middleware
    mw_instance = mw_class()
  File "/site-packages/django/middleware/", line 24, in __init__
    for url_pattern in get_resolver(None).url_patterns:
  File "/site-packages/django/core/", line 401, in url_patterns
    patterns = getattr(self.urlconf_module, "urlpatterns", self.urlconf_module)
  File "/site-packages/django/core/", line 395, in urlconf_module
    self._urlconf_module = import_module(self.urlconf_name)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/importlib/", line 37, in import_module
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 20, in <module>
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 1615, in startup
  File "/site-packages/django/apps/", line 198, in import_models
    self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/importlib/", line 37, in import_module
  File "/lino-welfare/lino_welfare/modlib/reception/", line 43, in <module>
    pcsw = dd.resolve_app('pcsw')
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 406, in resolve_app
    return import_module('.models', app_name)
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/", line 45, in import_module
  File "/lino-welfare/lino_welfare/projects/eupen/modlib/pcsw/", line 33, in <module>
    from lino_welfare.modlib.pcsw.models import *
  File "/lino-welfare/lino_welfare/modlib/pcsw/", line 68, in <module>
    from .coaching import *
  File "/lino-welfare/lino_welfare/modlib/pcsw/", line 53, in <module>
    class CoachingType(mixins.BabelNamed):
  File "/lino-welfare/lino_welfare/modlib/pcsw/", line 70, in CoachingType
    help_text=_("Whether this coaching type does %s.") % INTEG_LABEL)
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/", line 178, in __mod__
    return six.text_type(self) % rhs
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/", line 140, in __text_cast
    return func(*self.__args, **self.__kw)
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/translation/", line 84, in ugettext
    return _trans.ugettext(message)
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/translation/", line 327, in ugettext
    return do_translate(message, 'ugettext')
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/translation/", line 304, in do_translate
    _default = _default or translation(settings.LANGUAGE_CODE)
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/translation/", line 206, in translation
    _translations[language] = DjangoTranslation(language)
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/translation/", line 116, in __init__
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/translation/", line 164, in _add_installed_apps_translations
    "The translation infrastructure cannot be initialized before the "
AppRegistryNotReady: The translation infrastructure cannot be initialized before the apps registry is ready. Check that you don't make non-lazy gettext calls at import time.

The explanation for above traceback is the following piece of

does_integ = models.BooleanField(
    INTEG_LABEL, default=True,
    help_text=_("Whether this coaching type does %s.") % INTEG_LABEL)

Although _ in above code is lazy (from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _), it causes the translation to get triggered already when the models are being imported because it is at module level. More details in Working with lazy translation objects.

There were several similar problems. I don’t know why they occured only on their server (maybe multi-threaded operation?). I solved them using quick cycles of “edit, commit, pull, restart and retry”:

@local$ fab ci
remote$ ./
remote$ sudo service apache2 graceful

Multithreaded startup

Yet another surprise was this:

mod_wsgi (pid=19447): Exception occurred processing WSGI script '/usr/local/django/testlino/'.
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/site-packages/django/core/handlers/", line 170, in __call__
  File "/site-packages/django/core/handlers/", line 52, in load_middleware
    mw_instance = mw_class()
  File "/site-packages/django/middleware/", line 24, in __init__
    for url_pattern in get_resolver(None).url_patterns:
  File "/site-packages/django/core/", line 401, in url_patterns
    patterns = getattr(self.urlconf_module, "urlpatterns", self.urlconf_module)
  File "/site-packages/django/core/", line 395, in urlconf_module
    self._urlconf_module = import_module(self.urlconf_name)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/importlib/", line 37, in import_module
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 20, in <module>
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 1631, in startup
  File "/lino-welfare/lino_welfare/projects/eupen/settings/", line 64, in do_site_startup
    super(Site, self).do_site_startup()
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 1921, in do_site_startup
    self.kernel = Kernel(self)
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 187, in __init__
  File "/lino/lino/core/", line 279, in kernel_startup
    models_list = get_models(include_auto_created=True)
  File "/site-packages/django/utils/", line 101, in wrapper
    result = user_function(*args, **kwds)
  File "/site-packages/django/apps/", line 168, in get_models
  File "/site-packages/django/apps/", line 131, in check_models_ready
    raise AppRegistryNotReady("Models aren't loaded yet.")
AppRegistryNotReady: Models aren't loaded yet.

The problem occurred only under mod_wsgi (don’t ask me why), thus yet another series of “edit, commit, pull, restart and retry” cycles. In the beginning I suspected it to be related to the threading.RLock, but it turned out that when I explicitly call django.setup() from lino.core.urls, the problem vanished. I gues that when running under mod_wsgi this is not done automatically as with runserver.


TravisCI started to report build failures caused by a SyntaxError in a Django source file under Python 2.6. And yes, they say it themselves, Django no longer runs on Python 2.6. So I removed it from Lino’s .travis.xml. (I just don’t understand why these failures started only now and not immediately when I removed the <1.7 condition from

Duplicate sequence numbers

Now that their testlino runs with the newest version and I had imported their incoming SEPA XML files, I see that most statement numbers are duplicated. But that’s for later. Now I must stop working.